|<< Psalm 147 >>|
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible
The psalmist praises God for his goodness to Jerusalem, Psalm 147:1-3; shows his great mercy to them that trust in him, Psalm 147:4-6; he extols him for his mercies, and providential kindness, Psalm 147:7-11; for his defense of Jerusalem, Psalm 147:12-15; For his wonders in the seasons, Psalm 147:16-18; and his word unto Jacob, Psalm 147:19, Psalm 147:20.
This Psalm, which is without title in the Hebrew, Chaldee, and Vulgate, is attributed by the other Versions to Haggai and Zechariah. It was probably penned after the captivity, when the Jews were busily employed in rebuilding Jerusalem, as may be gathered from the second and thirteenth verses. It may be necessary to remark that all the Versions, except the Chaldee, divide this Psalm at the end of the eleventh verse, and begin a new Psalm at the twelfth. By this division the numbers of the Psalms agree in the Versions with the Hebrew; the former having been, till now, one behind.
1Praise ye the LORD: for it is good to sing praises unto our God; for it is pleasant; and praise is comely.
Praise is comely - It is decent, befitting, and proper that every intelligent creature should acknowledge the Supreme Being: and as he does nothing but good to the children of men, so they should speak good of his name.
2The LORD doth build up Jerusalem: he gathereth together the outcasts of Israel.
The Lord doth build up - The psalmist appears to see the walls rising under his eye, because the outcasts of Israel, those who had been in captivity, are now gathered together to do the work.
3He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
He healeth the broken in heart - שבורי, the shivered in heart. From the root שבר shabar, to break in pieces, we have our word shiver, to break into splinters, into shivers. The heart broken in pieces by a sense of God's displeasure.
4He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.
He telleth the number of the stars - He whose knowledge is so exact as to tell every star in heaven, can be under no difficulty to find out and collect all the scattered exiles of Israel.
5Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite.
His understanding is infinite - To his intelligence there is no number: though he numbers the stars, his understanding is without number. It is infinite; therefore, he can know, as he can do, all things.
6The LORD lifteth up the meek: he casteth the wicked down to the ground.
The Lord lifteth up the meek - The humbled, the afflicted.
7Sing unto the LORD with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the harp unto our God:
Sing unto the Lord - ענו enu, sing a responsive song, sing in parts, answer one another.
8Who covereth the heaven with clouds, who prepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.
Who covereth the heaven with clouds - Collects the vapours together, in order to cause it to rain upon the earth. Even the direction of the winds, the collection of the clouds, and the descent of the rain, are under the especial management of God. These things form a part of his providential management of the world.
Maketh grass to grow upon the mountains - After this clause the Vulgate, the Septuagint, Ethiopic, Arabic, and Anglo-Saxon, add, and herb for the service of man. It appears that a hemistich, or half-line, has been lost from the Hebrew text; which, according to the above Versions, must have stood thus: ועשב לעבדת האדם veeseb laabodath haadam, as in Psalm 104:14 : "And herbage for the service of mankind."
9He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.
10He delighteth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man.
He delighteth not - The horse, among all animals, is most delighted in by man for beauty, strength, and fleetness. And a man's legs, if well proportioned, are more admired than even the finest features of his face. Though God has made these, yet they are not his peculiar delight.
11The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
The Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear him - That are truly religious.
In those that hope is his mercy - Who are just beginning to seek the salvation of their souls. Even the cry of the penitent is pleasing in the ear of the Lord. With this verse the hundred and forty-sixth Psalm ends in all the Versions, except the Chaldee. And the hundred and forty-seventh commences with the Psalm 147:12. I believe these to be two distinct Psalms. The subjects of them are not exactly the same, though something similar; and they plainly refer to different periods.
12Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem; praise thy God, O Zion.
13For he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates; he hath blessed thy children within thee.
He hath strengthened the bars of thy gates - He has enabled thee to complete the walls of Jerusalem. From the former part of the Psalm it appears the walls were then to progress; from this part, they appear to be completed, and provisions to be brought into the city, to support its inhabitants. The gates were set up and well secured by bars, so that the grain, etc., was in safety.
14He maketh peace in thy borders, and filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.
He maketh peace - They were now no longer troubled with the Samaritans, Moabites, etc.
15He sendeth forth his commandment upon earth: his word runneth very swiftly.
He sendeth forth has commandment - His substantial word. It is here personified, מימרא meymra, Chaldee; and appears to be a very active agent running every where, and performing the purposes of his will.
16He giveth snow like wool: he scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.
He giveth snow like wool - Falling down in large flakes; and in this state nothing in nature has a nearer resemblance to fine white wool.
Scattereth the hoar frost like ashes - Spreading it over the whole face of nature.
17He casteth forth his ice like morsels: who can stand before his cold?
He casteth forth his ice - קרחו korcho, (probably hailstones), like crumbs.
Who can stand before his cold? - At particular times the cold in the east is so very intense as to kill man and beast. Jacobus de Vitriaco, one of the writers in the Gesta Dei per Francos, says, that in an expedition in which he was engaged against Mount Tabor, on the 24th of December, the cold was so intense that many of the poor people, and the beasts of burden, died by it. And Albertus Aquensis, another of these writers, speaking of the cold in Judea, says, that thirty of the people who attended Baldwin 1: in the mountainous districts near the Dead Sea, were killed by it; and that in that expedition they had to contend with horrible hail and ice, with unheard-of snow and rain. From thls we find that the winters are often very severe in Judea; and in such cases as the above, we may well call out, "Who can stand against his cold!"
18He sendeth out his word, and melteth them: he causeth his wind to blow, and the waters flow.
He sendeth out his word - He gives a command: the south wind blows; the thaw takes place; and the ice and snow being liquefied, the waters flow, where before they were bound up by the ice.
19He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.
He showeth his word unto Jacob - To no nation of the world beside had God given a revelation of his will.
20He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.
And as for his judgments - The wondrous ordinances of his law, no nation had known them; and consequently, did not know the glorious things in futurity to which they referred.